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Everything you need to know about hunting knives!

Hunting knives are essential tools for hunters and outdoor enthusiasts. Not only are they practical tools, but they also have a long history. In this blog post, you will learn everything you need to know about hunting knives - from the different shapes to their historical development and their modern applications.

What are hunting knives?

A hunting knife is a specially designed knife used primarily for hunting and outdoor activities. It is designed to perform various tasks such as cutting, skinning, butchering and even protection. Hunting knives vary in size, shape and material to meet the different needs and preferences of hunters.

The different forms of hunting knives

  1. Skinner (skinning knife)

    The skinner is specifically designed for skinning game. It has a short, wide and curved blade that allows the animal's skin to be removed without damaging the underlying flesh. The blade often has a blunt back to avoid injury.

  2. Drop point knife

    Drop point knives are versatile, all-purpose knives that feature a downward-sloping blade shape. This shape provides a strong point and a large cutting surface that is useful for both skinning and general cutting.

  3. Clip point knife

    Clip point knives have a blade with an upwardly curved tip that forms a fine, sharp point. These knives are ideal for precision work and penetration tasks. The large cutting surface makes them versatile.

  4. Gut Hook (gut-hook blade)

    A gut hook is a knife with a special curved blade and an additional hook blade on the back. This hook blade is used to slit the animal's belly without damaging the internal organs. It makes it easier to break open and disembowel the game.

  5. Bowie knife

    The Bowie knife has a long, wide blade with a clip point tip and a sharp spine. It is named after the American pioneer Jim Bowie and is suitable for both hunting and combat situations. The robust construction makes it a versatile tool for outdoor use.

  6. Fixed blade knives vs. folding knives

    Hunting knives come in both fixed blade and folding blade versions. Fixed blade knives are more robust and easier to clean, while folding blades are lighter and more compact, making them more practical for everyday carrying.

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History of hunting knives

The history of hunting knives goes back to the Stone Age, when people first made tools out of stone and bone to hunt and process animals. With the discovery of metals, early cultures began to forge knives out of copper, bronze and later iron and steel.

Antiquity and the Middle Ages

In ancient times and the Middle Ages, hunting knives were not only tools, but also status symbols. Wealthy hunters and nobles owned elaborately decorated knives that were both functional and representative. It was during this period that many of the basic knife designs that are still used today were created. Even today, there are many collectors who own priceless hunting knives.

Modern times

With industrialization in the 19th and 20th centuries, hunting knives were mass-produced, making them accessible to a wider segment of the population. Designs were further refined and specialized for different hunting techniques and needs.

Modern hunting knives

Today, hunting knives are sophisticated tools made from high-quality materials such as stainless steel, carbon steel and modern composites. They are often ergonomically designed to maximize comfort and efficiency in use.


  • Blade material : Modern hunting knives often use stainless steel or carbon steel. Stainless steel is corrosion-resistant and easy to maintain, while carbon steel is sharper and more durable.
  • Handle Material : Handles are made of different materials such as wood, plastic, rubber or composites. Each type of material has its own advantages and disadvantages in terms of durability, comfort and grip.

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Designs and innovations

Modern hunting knives are sometimes equipped with additional features, such as non-slip handles, integrated knife sharpeners or multifunctional blades. Some knives even have interchangeable blades to meet different needs.

Care and maintenance of hunting knives

A hunting knife needs regular care and maintenance to maintain its performance and lifespan. Here are some tips for caring for your hunting knife:

  • Cleaning : Clean the knife thoroughly with soap and water after each use. Dry it completely to avoid rust.
  • Sharpening : Keep the blade sharp by sharpening it regularly with a whetstone or a whetstone.
  • Oiling : Apply a light oil to the blade regularly to prevent rust and corrosion.
  • Storage : Store the knife in a dry place and protect it from moisture. A leather or plastic sheath can provide additional protection.

Hunting knives in pop culture

Hunting knives have also found their place in pop culture. Famous characters such as Rambo and Crocodile Dundee have used iconic hunting knives, which have become symbols of adventure and survival skills. Since Rambo, these large knives have also been called survival knives. These depictions have further increased the popularity of hunting knives and made them sought-after collectors' items.


Hunting knives are more than just tools - they are an integral part of hunting culture and have a rich history dating back to the dawn of humanity. With a variety of shapes and designs, they offer the right tool for every hunting situation. Whether you are an experienced hunter or an outdoor enthusiast, the right hunting knife can make the difference between success and failure.

If you want to learn more about hunting knives or find your own perfect knife, stay curious and keep reading. And remember: a well-maintained hunting knife will serve you faithfully for many years.

At SCHMAAL you are sure to find a hunting knife that you like.

Happy hunting and stay sharp!

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