Was ist ein Outdoormesser?

What is an outdoor knife?

Outdoor knives are essential companions for anyone who spends time in nature. Whether camping, hiking, fishing or on expeditions - a good outdoor knife can make the difference between comfort and frustration, safety and danger. But what exactly is an outdoor knife and what should you look out for when buying one? In this article, you will learn everything you need to know about outdoor knives, their functions, the different types and how to find the perfect knife for your needs.

Definition and functions of an outdoor knife

An outdoor knife is a versatile tool designed specifically for use in the great outdoors. It should be robust and reliable to handle a variety of tasks, such as:

  • Cutting and carving : From cutting ropes and bandages to carving wood.
  • Food preparation : cutting vegetables, meat and other foods.
  • Making fire : striking sparks with a flint, cutting tinder and kindling.
  • Shelter construction : Cutting twigs and branches for the construction of shelters.
  • Safety and protection : Can be used for defense in emergency situations.

Types of outdoor knives

There are different types of outdoor knives, each suitable for specific applications. Here are the most common types:

  1. Fixed blade knives

    • Advantages : Robustness, easy to clean, strong blade.
    • Disadvantages : Larger and heavier, less compact.
    • Ideal for : Heavier tasks such as chopping wood, cutting tinder, and longer expeditions.
  2. Folding knife

    • Advantages : Compact, easy to carry, safe transport.
    • Disadvantages : Less robust than fixed blade knives, harder to clean.
    • Ideal for : Lighter tasks, EDC (Everyday Carry), short trips.
  3. Multi-tools

    • Advantages : Versatility, multiple tools in one, compact.
    • Disadvantages : Individual tools may be less effective, not as robust.
    • Ideal for : all-round application, minor repairs, versatile use.

Important features of a good outdoor knife

  1. Blade material

    • Stainless steel : Corrosion-resistant, easy to maintain, ideal for humid environments.
    • Carbon steel : Durable, easy to sharpen, stays sharp longer, but requires more maintenance (risk of rust).

  2. Blade design

    • Drop Point : Versatile, strong point, ideal for general tasks.
    • Clip-Point : Sharp tip, good for precise work and penetration tasks.
    • Tanto : Strong tip, ideal for penetrating tasks and robust cutting.
    • Sheepsfoot : Rounded tip, minimizes the risk of injury, good for safe cutting.

  3. Handle material

    • Rubber : Non-slip, comfortable, good for wet conditions.
    • Wood : Aesthetically pleasing, good grip, can be slippery.
    • G10 (glass fiber reinforced plastic) : Robust, lightweight, non-slip.
    • Micarta : Very durable, good grip even when wet, aesthetically pleasing.

  4. Blade length

    • Short blades (under 10 cm) : Light, precise, good for smaller tasks.
    • Medium blades (10-15 cm) : Versatile, suitable for most outdoor tasks.
    • Long blades (over 15 cm) : Heavier, good for rough work like chopping wood.

Care and maintenance of outdoor knives

To maximize the lifespan of your outdoor knife, proper care is essential:

  • Cleaning : Clean the knife after each use with water and possibly a little detergent. Dry it thoroughly to prevent rust.
  • Sharpening : Keep the blade sharp by using a whetstone or sharpener regularly. A sharp blade is safer and more efficient.
  • Oiling : Apply a light oil to the blade regularly, especially to carbon steel blades, to prevent corrosion. Sinensis camellia oil is a very good maintenance oil.
  • Storage : Store the knife in a dry place. A sheath protects the blade and prevents injuries. Knife protection bags are also suitable.

History and development of outdoor knives

Outdoor knives have a long history dating back to the earliest human cultures. Originally they were made from stone and later from bronze and iron. As metalworking techniques developed in the Middle Ages, knives became important tools for hunters, fishermen and explorers.

In the modern era, outdoor knives have taken on a variety of forms and functions, adapted to the specific needs of outdoor enthusiasts. Famous knives such as the Bowie knife and the Swiss Army knife have significantly influenced the development and popularity of outdoor knives.


A good outdoor knife is an essential tool for anyone who loves nature and spends a lot of time outdoors. With the right features and proper care, an outdoor knife can provide years of faithful service. Whether you choose a fixed blade knife, a folding knife or a multi-tool, make sure it meets your specific needs and preferences. Invest in quality and pay attention to the details to get the most out of your outdoor experience.

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